Walking speed is a fundamental indicator of health status in older adults that can be used for early detection of several chronic illnesses and smartwatches are promising tools for ambulatory measurement of walking speed. To address the problem of walking speed estimation in older adult using a smartwatch, arm swing motion during walking will be measured from older adults living in a long-term care facility. Mathematical models will be developed to automatically map arm swing motion to walking speed.
Canadaâs population is aging rapidly and faces several challenges with their physical and mental health. At the same time, portable technology and wireless Internet access stand to revolutionize how Canadians manage their own health and interact with the healthcare system. Here, we will identify ways in which Canadians can use technology to proactively manage and improve their own physical and mental health. We will also identify ways to spur innovative products and services to be developed within Canada.
Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder associated with a significant health, social and financial burden, not only for patients but also for their families, and society. However, the current treatment methods have been only partially successful, mainly due to the inter-individual differences between patients, which means that a treatment that is successful for one patient, might not work for another.
In this project, the intern will design a decision support framework for optimizing tube utilization in laboratory tests. Given a prescription, the framework automates the tube selection process and outputs low cost tube configurations. The framework is designed to be easily adapted to different lab configurations. It consists of three processes, namely data profile configuration, tube optimization and solution prioritization. Data profile configuration process will formulate code and machine configuration files as the inputs to the tube optimization process.
Epilepsy affects an estimated 50 million people worldwide. These people can experience unexpected seizures that makes it risky for them to engage in everyday activities like driving and walking. A portable wireless neuromonitoring headset prototype that is worn on the head has been developed by Avertus Inc. to address this issue. The headset is designed to read brain waves, and, through a wireless connection to a cell phone, warn the wearer that the device has measured brain activity characteristic with an oncoming seizure.
The aim of the internship is for the intern to take up the challenge of detecting and removing noise from brain signals that are recorded using electroencephalogram (EEG). The noise that is of interest in the project is mainly caused by the subject chewing and walking. These noises are found to have caused the inability to have a high accuracy in performing seizure detection using EEG. Machine learning-based approaches are to be taken in the attempt to characterize these noises and subsequently eliminate it from the recorded brain signal.
In adults, influenza vaccination is administered by intramuscular injection, a procedure that many people find painful and that some find frightening (ie: needle-phobia). Influenza vaccination is now encouraged or recommended for all Canadians. Every year, there is a large effort to vaccinate as many people as possible before the âflu seasonâ. The urgency to vaccinate is even more acute in pandemics. Public health authorities are interested in ways to increase vaccine acceptance and delivery. One way to promote vaccine uptake and facilitate delivery would be needle-free injection.
Echinacea is a popular medicinal herb with a global market of ?$1 billion. While numerous Echinacea products are already available, variable plant chemistry and genetics leads to inconsistent product quality. In an effort to develop âchemically customizedâ varieties for herbal products and supplements, Amway Canada has partnered with researchers at the University of Ottawa and Carleton University. Having already analyzed >100 varieties of Echinacea, we are breeding selected individuals with desired properties to establish new distinct and stable lines.
Antibiotics are the most widely prescribed drugs in children and its frequent use presents a real danger to its ongoing effectiveness. Probiotics are bacteria that, when administered in adequate amounts, may replenish âgoodâ bacteria depleted by antibiotics to maintain the normal bacterial composition in the gut. The aim of this study is to determine whether taking probiotics with antibiotics protects against shifts in the bacterial composition of the gut microbiota.
Medication errors are common in long-term care homes, as older adults are at an increased-risk of experiencing medication errors. Additionally, most older adults living in long-term care homes have dementia, and few can identify themselves; this increases the risk of a medication error. Tap2Tag Medical Ltd. offers the Tap2Tag Medical Alert Bracelet. The bracelet encompasses a personal health record which, once âtappedâ by a smartphone, loads a âprofileâ onto the web browser of the phone.