Transition cows (3 wk before calving until 3 wk after calving) often suffer from negative energy and protein balances due to reduced feed intake, but increased nutrient demands for milk production. In Canada, up to 50% of transition cows may be affected by a metabolic (ketosis, hypocalcemia, and milk fever) or infectious (retained placenta, displaced abomasum, and uterine infection) disease. These diseases lead to production losses, infertility, animal welfare problems, and high culling rates of transition cows.
Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) adoption in livestock production landscape has been transformative and has led to a fundamental need for sophisticated data management and exchange solutions. Building an interoperable data management system requires an understanding of data context, stakeholders needs, data usage conditions, as well as contractual and legal requirements. Only through understanding the data and business management ecosystem, we can develop a proactive plan that ensures appropriate data usage, addresses business goals, and creates shared values.
Non-Apis bees are now recognized as significant pollinators. For most crops visited by bees, pesticides are used for pest management, and there is concern about the potential negative effects of pesticides on wild and managed bees. Most toxicity studies involving bees have focused on honey bees (Apis mellifera), partially because honey bee data are required for pesticide registration. Yet because of physiological and behavioural differences, honey bees and non-Apis bees may not be equally susceptible to a given pesticide.
Increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance is becoming a major public health concern and is linked to use of sub-therapeutic antibiotics in agriculture. Sub-therapeutic antibiotics have been used for years in swine production to mitigate diarrheal diseases observed at weaning. Thus, development of alternative nutritional strategies to minimize sub-therapeutic antibiotic use is vital. Mannan-oligosaccharides may be useful as a feed additive to mitigate post-weaning diarrheal diseases.
Soybean is the main source of protein in poultry diets while its production results in significant global greenhouse gas emissions. A potential substitute for the use of soybean could be insects like black soldier fly larvae (BSFL; rich in protein and fat) produced from food wastage. Dried BSFL has been approved by CFIA for use in broiler diets but has not yet been approved to be used in laying hen diets in Canada because of the lack of required data.
A feeding trial with BSFL (control, 10%, 20%) will be carried out to assess the feasibility and safety of the use of larvae in layer diets.
Natural fibres are abundant in Canada and have the potential to be used in a wide variety of biocomposites and industrial bioproducts. In order to develop a thriving biomaterials sector, the quality and consistency of this vast resource must be continually assessed and monitored to ensure a quality product can be delivered to end-users on a consistent basis.
Farmers of North America (FNA) and FNA Strategic Agriculture Institute (FNA STAG) are two Canadian organizations dedicated to maximizing farm profitability. They collect and analyze demographic, legal, marketing and relevant data about its producers and partnering commodity organizations to understand the farmer market need and create strategies for business operation functionality. With this project, the organizations will get two database systems, the market/consumer research and distributed database.
Diseases of dairy cattle adversely affect meat and milk quality. Our research demonstrates that high immune response (HIR) cattle have many health advantages, including better quality colostrum/milk. HIR technology is marketed by our partner Semex Inc as Immunity+. While many advantages of HIR exist, there is more to learn, particularly as it relates to colostrum. Colostrum is the first milk from the mother that protects the new born. HIR cows have enhanced specific antibody and pass this protection to their calves via colostrum.
The purpose of the project is to generate soybean plants able to tolerate whole plant submergence and waterlogging (soil submergence). This will be achieved by inducing Pgb, a gene normally present in soybean and known to confer tolerance to excessive humidity, through genetic manipulations. Correlative studies between Pgb expression and performance under excessive water conditions will also be conducted in commercial varieties of soybean. Similar studies will be conducted to assess the effect of altered Pgb level to drought stress.
Within Our Reach is an action research partnership between Food Secure Canada and Community First: Impacts of Community Engagement (CFICE). It aims to increase the capacity of community and academic partners to contribute to a civil society national food policy process. We will do this through the practical application of, and experimentation with, ways to collaborate, coordinate efforts, and share resources for enhanced policy impact and knowledge mobilization.