This project is in partnership with AFMNet. There are a number of common techniques used to evaluate wheat quality for food use in breeding programs, however they require large samples sizes (100 – 500 grams). Therefore, samples can only be evaluated at later stages of crossing (4th or 5th generation) when enough sample is available for testing. The proposed research will develop a technique to classify gluten protein quality at earlier stages of breeding with sample sizes as small as 20 grams. The tool that will be used for the study is known as a Gluten Peak Tester (GPT).
The ripening of fleshy fruits such as apple, pears and tomatoes results in a coordinated change in texture, nutritional characteristics, color, flavor and aroma, and initiates senescence processes that reduce shelf life. Fresh market apples are often treated with 1-methylcyclopropene and stored under controlled atmosphere conditions to delay ripening and extend the supply period to consumers. However, there is always some degree of economic loss due to external injury and flesh browning of the fruit.
The demands of precision agriculture have caused significant changes to agricultural machines. Improved sensor technology makes it possible to monitor numerous parameters. Access to GPS signals has made it possible to monitor the variation in yield within a field. Perhaps the most significant change is that access to the GPS signal has made it possible to develop guidance systems that provide accurate guidance information to the operator or even guide the agricultural machine for the operator.
This research offers the potential of greater legume crop yields through the identification of key growth signaling metabolites and their future use in plant breeding programs. Recent discoveries suggest that there is a major role for cytokinins, a group of growth hormones, in the yield of rice and possibly other plants, such as legumes.
CENNATEK Bioanalytical Services Inc. is leading a R&D project with the goal of using Jerusalem artichoke as a feedstock for the production of ethanol, inulin and biomass pellets. The Jerusalem artichoke crop contains large amounts of carbohydrates, mainly inulin, which can be converted to sugars such as fructose. Fructose is used as a sweetener in the food industry and has several health benefits. The inulin, other extractable sugars, and cellulose can also be used to produce ethanol.
The project will focus on providing methods to secure the supply of Northern Spy apples for Chudleigh’s Ltd, an major international bakery located in Southern Ontario. Northern Spy, an apple cultivar discovered in the state of New York nearly 200 years ago, has a number of desirable attributes for baking, most notably for pie making. Chudleigh’s Ltd. will partner with the University of Guelph to conduct research on overcoming the slow to bear production nature of this cultivar, and its alternate bearing from one year to the next.
The proposed project entails the intern working with Mark Betteridge & Associates to develop an innovative business plan for the company's recently acquired farm near Comox, British Columbia. The business plan will emphasize the development of a set of business activities which utilize highly innovative technologies, are economically sound, result in a low environmental and carbon footprint and fit well into the surrounding community.
Workers in pig production barns can be exposed to hazards such as hydrogen sulphide (H2S) gas which is emitted from stored pig manure. In the oil industry where H2S is also a serious concern, a treatment approach was successfully developed for controlling H2S emissions. This project will evaluate the applicability of the treatment in swine barns. Room]scale tests will be conducted at Prairie Swine Centre Inc (PSCI) which will involve comparison of H2S levels in two rooms, one operated as a control and the other with the treatment applied.
The ability to forecast crop yields early in the growing season is of intense interest to many in the agrifood industry. Producers use this information to strategically apply additional fertilizers and/or pesticides in problem areas to maximize their harvest. Marketers use it to negotiate higher selling prices. Obtaining reliable crop information during the growing season is problematic, however, because farmers frequently do not have the time to provide accurate reports and because manually inventorying every field in an agricultural region is impractical.
The Ontario beef industry is a significant part of the agricultural economy, accounting for the highest farm cash receipts in the sector. Through linkages to other parts of the economy, beef production employs thousands of Ontarians and generates $1.4 billion for the provincial economy. The industry is under threat, however, from such challenges as trade restrictions, higher feed costs and changing food preferences. The most effective medium term solution to ensure the viability of the industry is to increase efficiency at the farm level.