Developments of a novel agricultural-based approach for producing high levels of stearidonic acid

The objective of this project is to develop a novel agricultural‐based approach for producing high levels of stearidonic acid (SDA)‐containing seed oil in plants using co‐cultivation with microbial inoculants. Production of seed oil enriched in SDA, a dietary product possessing proven health benefits, is promising for use as animal and human diet supplements. SDA has been found in plant species and cultivars belonging to the Boraginaceae family that have significant potential for development into commercially viable crops.

Analysis of rutin content in asparagus cultivars for the development of value‐added products

Asparagus contains rutin, a falconoid associated with anti‐carcinogenic properties and decreased cholesterol and heart disease. Ontario growers could benefit from value‐added or ‘branded’ asparagus products that can be marketed based on the health benefits of rutin, for example, fresh product in grocery stores, or asparagus flour as a supplement in bread and pasta, made from discards or seconds. The Guelph Millennium hybrid, developed at the University of Guelph, was found to contain the highest rutin levels among international cultivars in Japan.

Automatic non-invasive detection of diseases of birds using Infrared Thermography

Alberta Veterinary Surveillance Network (AVSN) is a unique effort in Alberta which provides diagnostic pathology and disease investigation support to veterinary practitioners to detect and respond to animal health issues that may affect public health, food safety, or market access that serves the mutual benefits of veterinarians, industry and government. Latest research reveals that Infrared thermography is a comprehensive, non-invasive, non-contact and safe method for early detection of a number of contagious animal diseases.

Control of fruit ripening in stone fruits – a molecular perspective

Fruits such as peaches and plums are highly perishable fruits with a very short shelf life and hence are aptly called ‘tender fruits’. This necessitates the growing of several varieties that ripen at different time slots to ensure that there is a continual supply of these fruits in the market during the short season of availability. It is interesting to note that, though all these diverse varieties flower at about the same time in spring, fruit ripening is extended by a few weeks in some varieties over the other.

Cellular factors influencing the developmental potential of pure and hybrid bison

Assisted reproductive technologies can provide unique alternatives for wildlife managers interested in preserving genetically valuable individuals. The Canadian wood bison, currently listed as threatened, will benefit greatly from the use of in vitro fertilization and embryo banking as a method for producing genetically healthy, disease‐free herds. However, minimal or non‐existent knowledge of the fundamental aspects of reproductive biology has limited the success of reproductive technologies in non‐domestic species.

Understanding the importance of “timing” in pesticide application and studying the volatilization of individual components of botanical pesticides on surfaces and their effects on pests

This internship is with EcoSafe Natural Products Inc., a consulting and contract R&D company specializing in research and development for companies in pesticides, fertilizers, personal care and other specialty areas of industry. In this project, the research team will study the vitalization of different constituents of botanical pesticides over time; the emission pattern and persistence of these pesticides on different surfaces within different environmental conditions, and also the behavioural responses of difference pests to different products.

A N-Dimensional Vector Mining Visual Analyzer for the Surveillance of Live-Stock Production Systems in Alberta

Animal heath surveillance is concerned with not only the disease in animal populations, but also with animal pathogens and diseases that affect humans. The objective of this project is to develop a system which can model the livestock production activity data, flow, weather pattern and disease history appropriately so that events can be more easily and effectively analyzed in time and spatial domain. Moreover, the system output needs to be presented in ways that are simple to understand and easy to work with.

Tillage tool wear simulation using Discrete Element Method

Prepared samples of different metals with simple geometries will be worn in a lab‐based soil tillage operation. The conditions of the tillage operation will be maintained within defined limits (soil moisture content, compaction, and soil texture). At regular intervals of travel, the amount of material removed from the samples during the tillage operation will be quantified. The MITACS ACCELERATE intern will use dedicated software to simulate the wear process during the tillage operation and compare the simulation results with the experimental data.

Establishment of Energy Crops on Decommissioned Landfills; Exclusion of Biogas from the Plant Root Zone Using a Geosynthetic Clay Liner (GCL)

One of the principle drawbacks to the production of biofuels is the competition that is created with traditional food crops for land. The potential for decommissioned municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills to support energy crop production has been left largely uninvestigated in Canada and other parts of North America. One of the primary obstacles to the establishment of crops on MSW landfills is the presence of high concentrations of landfill biogas in the plant root zone.

Benefits to Poultry Value Chain Participants of Providing New Producer Incentives for Improved Quality

This project will provide information to Canadian chicken producers and processors that will help them to produce high-quality chicken more efficiently. This objective will be achieved by rewarding producers for their quality-contributing production efforts. The analytical emphasis will be on reviewing and assessing selected, successful quality-rewarding pricing schemes in the poultry industries outside of Canada, and on developing the key elements of a pricing scheme for Canadian chicken producers that explicitly integrates selected, novel quality traits.