Structural design of aerospace composites with Hybrid Fibre Architectures

Continuous fibre (CF) aerospace preforms exhibiting excellent mechanical performance possess low formability characteristics and are confined to simple shell-like geometries with minimal curvatures. On the other hand, short fibre preforms such as randomly oriented strands (ROS) offer high formability but exhibit low mechanical performance. The manufacturing of composites involves time and huge costs.

“Complex composite structure multifunction for aerospace” COMP-1601

The new generation of complex composites structures that will be developed by Hutchinson and its partners will integrate several functions, as esthetic interior panel, acoustic, thermal and vibration isolation, in addition to mechanical and robustness contribution brought by the integrated structure. These new technologies will allow to reduce the amount of parts, and also to reduce the amount of operations required to build an assembly, generating an energy saving in the global process.

Calibration and characterization of micro-spectrometer

Project will see the calibration and characterization of a next-generation spectrometer for advancing both atmospheric research and the Canadian space community by providing instruments for atmospheric research for UAVs and nanosatellites. Calibrating these spectrometers will give the science community a new way to monitor atmospheric gases such as greenhouse gas or pipeline leaks with the option of a low-mass, low-cost and reliable measurement from an airborne platform.

Design, Analysis and Optimization of an Aircraft Seat

Business aircraft seats are typically designed to provide maximum comfort to the occupant, while adhering to strict certification requirements. This tends to result in the designed seat becoming heavy and costly due to conservative tradeoff analysis, and a dependence upon legacy design techniques. With the advent of more powerful computer aided design techniques – it is possible to design a seat that meets both the comfort requirements of the occupant, and strict regulatory requirements.

Development of new generation of tool steels by modification in chemical composition, grain refinement, and cryogenic treatment

DK SPEC is a major producer of cutting tool steels for the Canadian wood industry. A combination of High strength, good toughness, and wear resistance determines the quality of a tool steel. In the framework of Engage, EngagePlus and MITACS acceleration projects, an advanced heat treatment cycle by cryogenic cooling at temperatures as low as -100 °C was developed. The application of the above cycle resulted in a 75% reduction in processing time and improvement in wear resistance (+20%).

Proof of Concept: Real-Time Integrated Weld Analyzer in Aluminum Spot Welds

Use of aluminum alloys in the automotive industry comes with huge manufacturing challenges such as instability of spot welding processes. To overcome this challenge, frequent selective quality tests are performed in industry usually by destructive means, which are labour intensive and costly due to its nature. Non-destructive testing (NDT) of aluminum spot welds can decrease these costs. This proposed spot welding NDT method will incorporate an ultrasonic probe in the welding electrode, which is fully automated and each spot weld tested at the moment of manufacture.

Applying visual analytics to effect real-time decision making in manufacturing environments

Along with industry partners, including NGrain, Convergent Manufacturing and Boeing, we are proposing to develop state-of-the-art visualization and interactive techniques for exploring sensor and manufacturing component data, in-situ.

Next Generation Engine

The next generation of engines will needs to comply with increasing stringent pollutant emissions legislation. These engines will also have to be able to accept a wide range of gaseous fuel composition and have the capability to operate on liquid fuel either for emergency backup or for full baseload operation. Additionally, they will need to able to burn alternative fuels, both gaseous and liquid, and either as blends or as pure fuel. These requirements impose significant technical and modeling challenges.

Aircraft Piston Engine Detonation Measurements and Data Analysis

Aircraft piston engines are widely used for aviation in North America and still use leaded fuel. 100 octane low-lead (100LL) aviation gasoline (avgas) is the common fuel used in aviation that contains lead in the form of Tetra-ethyl Lead (TEL). The TEL additive is mainly used to modulate the aviation gasoline octane levels to avoid knock and engine failure. This lead additive is harmful for the environment and it has been phased out in the automotive industry in the 1970-1980’s and completely phased out in 1993 in Canada and 1996 in the United States.

GCS (Ground Control Station) Ergonomic Research

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are known to have the ability to acquire large amounts of data from on-board devices such as sensors and cameras during flight. Majority of the data is typically stored on-board during a flight mission while a small amount of important data is transmitted to the Ground Control Station (GCS) over available communication links. The main role of the GCS is to control and monitor the UAV in flight, streaming a live video from the UAV cameras, and uploading new mission commands and setting parameters.