Efficacy of a novel anti-IL-1B receptor modulator in reducing preterm birth impact on neurovascular health

Preterm neonates ill-adapted to the extra uterine environment are prone to increased inflammation in multiple organs and the proinflammatory interleukine IL-1b has been closely implicated in brain injury associated with preterm birth (PTB). One major adverse neuronal outcome for PTB survivors is the greater propensity to develop ischemic brain lesions long after birth. Here, we hypothesize that the neural vasculature of premature infants becomes maladapted to appropriately respond to hypoxic-ischemic stress.