How to improve eddy covariance data quality, model validation and user experience through the integration of soil gas flux measurements using Eosense’s eosFD chamber

Reliable measurements of carbon cycling are challenging. Eddy covariance is the technique used by a global network of researchers that measures the net fluxes of gas to and from an ecosystem. However, there are issues with gaps in data under certain environmental conditions. Eosense’s eosFD forced diffusion chamber technology allows for long-term, remote and off-grid deployments to measure soil respiration with low power consumption.

100 Islands: Elucidating connections between land and ocean ecosystems

Informed decisions on resource management and development require an understanding of how projects will impact the resource, other resources, and the ecosystem. Because the ocean and land are intricately connected along coastal areas, development projects in either will invariably affect the other. However, Ecological Risk Assessments do not consider the two in tandem because the connections between the land and ocean are not well defined and an analytical tool does not currently exist to predict those connections for areas where they have not yet been measured.

Controls on diagenetic evolution in Tithonian Jeanne d’Arc Formation, Terra Nova field: Implications for reservoir quality evolution

Hydrocarbons are hosted in porous sedimentary rocks which were deposited several million years prior to the ingress of hydrocarbons. Once these sedimentary rocks are deposited, other physical, chemical and biological, all termed diagenetic, processes act to modify their original properties. A major product of this diagenesis is cementation. The cement (minerals) occludes (plugs) the pore spaces in the sedimentary rock thus, in general, reducing its capacity to host hydrocarbons. This project, among others will seek to understand the types of cement and their origin in Terra Nova field.

Multi-dimensional and long-term reactive transport analysis of the geochemical stability of sedimentary basins

Sedimentary rock formations are currently under consideration for the placement and long-term storage of used nuclear fuel originating from nuclear power generation. A thorough understanding of the long-term geochemical stability in these rock formations is important to prove that future interactions of the waste material with aquifers as well as flora and fauna at the land surface can be ruled out for time periods exceeding 10,000 years.

Advanced Earth Observation Technologies

UrtheCast is developing advanced cameras and sensors flying on a constellation of 16 satellites orbiting the earth in tandem pairs. The unprecedented data set requires innovation in advanced earth observation algorithms and applications, which will require novel techniques for analysis, simulations and advanced “big data” processing. The objective of this project is to put this data to good use. Never before has the world been viewed with such detail and precision.

Estimating reservoir changes in a heavy oil reservoir through application of anelasticity and rock physics analysis to time-lapse seismic data

Oil-sands reservoirs offer huge resource potential with very low decline rates compared to other unconventional exploration targets. Unfortunately, this comes with the trade-off of requiring high initial investment as well as high operating costs. In order for such projects to be economic in the long-term, it is essential that we monitor changes in the reservoir to maximize production and by extension, return.
Time-lapse (4D) seismic monitoring is a common, cost-effective means of monitoring changes in reservoir due to production. Using amplitude vs.

Provincial Criminalization, Health and Human Rights: Social Science Com-ponent

A complex web of federal, provincial and municipal laws, regulations and policies affect the lives and the health of people who are homeless, use drugs, and/or engage in sex work. These populations also have high incidents or elevated risk of contracting HIV and/or HCV, as well as risk of overdose death. The goal of the project is to gather province-wide data on the role of legal systems in criminalizing, and increasing the risk to life, health and safety, of these populations, and in particular, increasing the risk of contracting HIV, HCV or overdose death.

Development of a debris-flow risk reduction design tool

Steep creek hazards such as debris flows and debris floods pose a considerable risk to mountain communities and infrastructure. Relative to other geohazards, debris flows and debris floods are particularly hazardous because they travel rapidly, provide minimal warning and occur frequently. In Canada, professionals have little experience with debris-flow risk reduction due to limited development in mountainous areas. As mountain communities and infrastructure projects expand into more rugged terrain, there will be an increased demand for debris-flow and debris-flood protection in our country.

Advancing Unstructured Data Extraction and its Use in Geoscience

Unstructured data refers to data that is present in reports, web pages, newspapers and other media. Such data is the most common data that we see around us and yet no modern tools exist to extract information from it. In this project we will develop techniques to extract the data and apply it to geoscientific reports in order to aid in the discovery of new mines and other geoscience applications.

Stabilization of Gravel Roads

Unpaved gravel roads throughout rural and northern Manitoba and across Canada are made from poorly bound aggregate materials. Consequently they quickly deteriorate to loose, rough and dangerous road conditions. They generate choking and noxious dust clouds when dry, and quickly lose strength and degrade to mucky and rutted conditions when wet. The goal of this project is to provide a low cost and sustainable solution by mixing the aggregate with high amounts of reactive clays and environmentally safe organic catalysts.