Hydraulic Fracturing Process: Mechanics, Monitoring and Optimization

Hydraulic Fracturing or fracking has been extensively used in the extraction of hydrocarbon fuels in unconventional reservoirs. This process bears significant economic and environmental implications. The partner, ExGeo, has been providing professional services to the petroleum companies to monitor the fracking process using microseismic signals. To improve the precision of field monitoring and optimize the fracking process, this research will first try to understand the mechanics of fracking through highly controlled and fully instrumented laboratory experiments.

Enhancing the Functionality of Zinc Anodes in Repaired Concrete/Material

Mitigating the corrosion of reinforcement in RC structures is a critical issue for Canada’s civil infrastructure, especially with the continual use of deicing salts during winter. This pilot study will provide crucial information on the functional range of resistivity of repair materials/concretes and anode spacing, which will optimize the efficiency of an economical technology (zinc anodes) at protecting embedded reinforcement from the risk of corrosion.

Assessment of the Performance and Treatment Benefits of Primary Solids Microscreen Filtration with an Onsite Wastewater Treatment System

Onsite Domestic Wastewater Treatment and Reuse is emerging as a potential solution to the water shortages, eroding distribution infrastructure, and energy intensive treatment processes that are a fixture of the modern city. However, existing onsite treatment technologies fail to compactly treat water to a high enough quality for urban reuse without increasing per capita treatment energy use.

Assessing Impacts of Climate Change on Laurentian Great Lakes Water Supply using Regional Climate Models

Several studies have shown that water levels of the Great Lakes would inevitably decline in a warmer climate. These studies were based on a modeling system that was not accounting for two-way exchanges of water and energy between the atmosphere and the earth surface, hence excluding key feedback mechanisms. The general objective of this project is to improve our understanding of the Great Lakes water resources and its sensitivity to climate change.

Effects of Geomechanical Heterogeneity on Wormhole Development during Cold Heavy Oil Production – Phase 1

Canada possesses vast resources of heavy oil, which is oil that is too thick to flow through porous sandstone reservoirs and into production wells at economic rates when conventional operating practices are used. Since the mid 1980’s, heavy oil operators have demonstrated their ability to increase heavy oil production rates by encouraging the creation of porous and permeable zones (“wormholes”) within their reservoirs by allowing sand grains to detach from the reservoir rock and flow into the well (along with the oil).

Coupling event sampling to ColiMinder® high-frequency monitoring of E. coli for improved microbial risk assessment in source waters (COLIRISK)

Safe drinking water supply is a daily need but it can be seriously threatened by microbial hazards originating from fecal contamination of source water, especially following periods of intense rainfall. In order to assess drinking water intakes (DWIs) vulnerability to fecal pollution and to take cost-effective decisions in case of hazardous events, it is urgent to implement early-warning systems. A recent enzyme-based technology, ColiMinder® enables to measure E. coli in water at high temporal resolution (every 30 minutes).

Information Quality (IQ) assurance and control for the BIM lifecycle data

Managing complex, fragmented, and high volume portfolios of data that are generated during the lifecycle of buildings poses major challenges for the Architecture, Engineering, Construction, and Operations (AECO) industry. Required information during the operation and maintenance phase of a building’s lifecycle is usually lost (or not transferred) at information handover stages, and extensive rework should be done to revive them. This projects aims to identify lifecycle information requirements for the operation and maintenance of buildings.

Performance Analysis of a Network of Dual-Lane Roundabouts

Modern roundabouts have become a subject of great interest and attention over the last few years. Compared to regular signalized intersections, roundabouts have the potential to reduce vehicular delay & emissions and increase safety. The objectives of this study is to conduct an in depth analysis to examine the short and long term benefits of roundabouts from a multi modal perspective.

Performance Analysis of a Network of Dual-Lane Roundabouts

Modern roundabouts have become a subject of great interest and attention over the last few years. Compared to regular signalized intersections, roundabouts have the potential to reduce vehicular delay & emissions and increase safety. The objectives of this study is to conduct an in depth analysis to examine the short and long term benefits of roundabouts from a multi modal perspective.

Operational Hydrological Forecasting in the Nelson-Churchill Watershed Using Gridded Climate Data

In order to understand the movement of water in all its three phases on, under, and above the ground, scientists known as hydrologists use computer models. These models simulate the volume of water that runs through river in response to the amount of rainfall that has reached the ground during a specific time period. Hydrologists typically use weather stations to learn how much rain has fallen over the land. In Canada and in remote parts of the country, there are not many weather stations available.

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